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Industrial Pollution - Smart way to monitor : 2/26/2015

In our last article, we discussed about vibration analysis software, it’s essential features and benefits one can derive from it. In this article, we will be talking about a different idea. It’s about on-line monitoring of Industrial Pollution - on a national level...

How important is Industrial Pollution?

In last few decades, global problems relating to degradation of natural resources and pollution have increased dramatically. Natural resources are being depleted with excessive use. There is an increasing scarcity of fresh water. Air and water pollution have reached dangerous levels, causing serious health problems and negatively impacting the environment. This is influencing the prospects for long-term economic growth. Industrial pollution is a leading contributor to pollution worldwide. While there are many types of industrial pollution, in this article, we will focus on the factors most seriously affected by industries : Air Pollution and Water Pollution

Air Pollution :

Air pollution is perhaps the number one cause of pollution that can be attributed to industries. It is a major contributor to the greenhouse effects. Air clogging, resulting in smog, is one of the effects of air pollution which has a serious effect on the health of people in the surrounding areas.

Water Pollution :

The increasing pollution in water makes it more difficult to guarantee the fundamental right to water. With the draining of oil mineral, chemical products, phosphates and nitrates into water, most causes of water pollution can be pointed at Industry. A considerable amount of fertilizer seeps into the ground and can possibly have a by-effect on the quality of groundwater in the long run.

 

The Indian Story :

In India, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) coordinates activities of the State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees and provides technical assistance and guidance to SPCBs / PCCs. The State Pollution Control Boards (SPCB) and Pollution Control Committees (PCC) are empowered to stipulate standards for discharge of environmental pollutants for various categories of industries and common effluent treatment plants (CETPs). Many norms are being put in place to protect the environment.

Central Pollution Control Board vide its letter No. B-29016/04/06PCI-1/5401 dated 05.02.2014 issued

directions to the State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees for directing the 17 categories of highly polluting industries for installation of online effluent quality and common emission monitoring systems to help track the discharges of pollutants from these units.

The 17 Categories of the major polluting industries are :

  • Aluminium Smelter
  • Caustic Soda
  • Cement
  • Copper Smelter
  • Distilleries
  • Dyes & Dye Intermediates
  • Fertiliser
  • Integrated Iron & Steel
  • Tanneries
  • Pesticides
  • Petrochemicals
  • Drugs & Pharmaceuticals
  • Pulp & Paper
  • Oil Refineries
  • Sugar
  • Thermal Power Plants
  • Zinc Smelter

How can Industries handle this situation ?

With rapid industrialisation, it is becoming increasingly difficult for Pollution Control authorities to inspect the industries for pollution. Therefore there is need and necessity to minimise inspection of industries on routine basis. The best alternative is to bring self-discipline in the industries to exercise self-monitoring & compliance and transmit data of effluent and emission to State Pollution Control Boards (SPCB) / Pollution Control Committees (PCC) and to CPCB on continuous basis. Various technologies are available for monitoring the effluent quality in terms of the parameters specified in the directions issued by CPCB.

In our next article, we will be discussing the smart ways of monitoring water pollution and pollution due to gas emissions.